Hip hop music
Stylistic origins Funk, disco, soul, jazz, dub, reggae, dancehall, toasting, performance poetry, spoken word, signifying, the dozens, scat singing, talking blues
Cultural origins 1970s, the Bronx, New York City
Typical instruments Turntable, synthesizer, rapping, drum machine, sampler, guitar, piano, beatboxing, vocals
Mainstream popularity Worldwide since the late 1980s
Derivative forms Electro - Breakbeat - Jungle/Drum'n'bass - Trip hop
Australian Hip Hop - Alternative hip hop - Turntablism - Acid rap - Christian hip hop - Comedy hip hop - Conscious hip hop - Freestyle rap - Gangsta rap - Hardcore hip hop - Horrorcore - Instrumental hip hop - Mafioso rap - Nerdcore hip hop - Political hip hop - Baltimore club - Brick city club - Chicano rap - Mobb music - Native American hip hop - Jerkin'
Country-rap - Hip hop soul - Hip house - Crunk/Hyphy - Jazz rap - Merenhouse - Neo soul - Nu metal - Pop Rap - Ragga - Rap opera - Rap rock - Rapcore - Rap metal - Cumbia rap - Merenrap - Hip life - Low Bap - Glitch hop - Wonky - Industrial hip hop - New jack swing - Electro hop
East Coast hip hop - West Coast hip hop - Southern hip hop - Midwest hip hop
Hip hop is a musical genre which developed alongside hip hop culture, defined by key stylistic elements such as rapping, DJing, sampling, scratching and beatboxing. Hip hop began in the Bronx of New York City in the 1970s. The term rap is often used synonymously with hip hop, but hip hop denotes the practices of an entire subculture.
Rapping, also referred to as MCing or emceeing, is a vocal style in which the artist speaks lyrically, in rhyme and verse, generally to an instrumental or synthesized beat. Beats, almost always in 4/4 time signature, can be created by looping portions of other songs, usually by a DJ, or sampled from portions of other songs by a producer. Modern beats incorporate synthesizers, drum machines, and live bands. Rappers may write, memorize, or improvise their lyrics and perform their works a cappella or to a beat